I've found the best way to level alts is Pet Battling over by Halfhill in Pandaria. My Nightborne Priest I got to 90 that way (the rest was WoD Treasures, then regular leveling post 100), my Mag'har Shaman I'm at 61 with 16 hours or so played. Having a second monitor to zone out and watch Netflix or whatever helps. I think it's the fastest way to get to 90 personally. I really dislike the leveling changes so I just Pet Battle now.
I've been having what is apparently a scaling issue caused by inflated secondary stats on some Wrath of the Lich King items. In particular, my Highmountain tauren warrior leveled through Northrend and picked up a green, iLvl 87, 2h sword. All of the secondaries were in the +25 to +30 range, and the Dugi Gear Advisor decided it was better than the heirloom 2h axe I was using. So I went ahead and equipped the sword.
The World of Warcraft API has a list of functions that you can interact with and to talk with WoW using Lua. These are your building blocks for manipulating WoW windows and chat boxes and so forth. Looking at these for the first time can be very daunting. But don't be discouraged. After getting more familiar with Lua the WoW API gets much easier, and the documentation gets much easier to read. Keep in mind there are many different ways to accomplish your goals, so when going though the API keep looking until you find a way that best suits what you need.

Usually it's best to avoid a lot of instance runs. It is too difficult to account for bad groups, and some instances are too far away with too few quests. Since the experience is very good, it's a good idea to clear nearby instances which have a lot of quests once (Gnomeregan, Deadmines for Alliance). Distant instances with few quests should be avoided (Deadmines for Horde). Low level instances can be cleared by paying or befriending a single high level character. However, since patch 3.3 a new Dungeon group finding system has been implemented, as well as a direct port to dungeons (when entering the group you get ported to the dungeon and back to the same location if you leave it) and thus the travel time to dungeons has been greatly reduced. This makes it a good idea to complete quests or grind while you wait for a group to become available.